Vocational education is a great union of work and learning. It is a system or programme of study that prepares people for employment that need manual or practical skills. Vocational education has generally been non-academic and focused on a single profession or vocation.
It’s called Vocational Education because it’s based on a job. Until recently, until the end of the twentieth century, the goal of vocational education was to concentrate on specialized skills such as automobile mechanics or welder and was thus linked with lower-class activities.
As a result, there was a stigma attached to it. In truth, vocational education is strongly linked to the formal and technical job fields.
According to the national vocational guidance Bureau, Vocational Guidance is the assistance given to an individual to choose the occupation, prepare for it, enter upon it and progress in it. In recent trends, the need for vocational education has only increased as more people are entering the field of their interest with specialized knowledge.
Need of Vocational Education in India
1. To Include Different Sets of Education.
When a student is academically bright, he can choose technical subjects like maths or science whereas when one is inclined towards the creative side, can opt for fine arts vocational skills and training courses to move further in that field.
There is a difference in the requirements and opportunities of hundreds, even thousands of occupations. Every occupation is not for every people. Therefore, it is essential to decide according to personal inclination and skills. Providing Vocational Education as per an individual’s potential and intelligence is important.
2.Vocational Guidance is Important for All Students.
It is important for all students who face the necessity of finding their way into one of the thousands of occupations that surrounds them.
The increased complexity of modern life demands an effective vocational guidance system for the induction of young school learners into appropriate channels of employment through subsequent vocational training.
3. Financial Gain or loss to Society.
A society ultimately suffers financial loss for the wrong selection of workers and obtains financial Gain for the right selection of workers. Vocational education and training provide useful skills to prepare these individuals for labor market entry and improve their chances of a successful professional career.
For instance, inferior goods at a higher cost result from the wrong selection of workers. Therefore, Society ultimately gains much from vocational guidance.
4. Personal and Social Values of Individuals.
Each failure in the experience of a young worker increases the probability of another. A frustrated worker is a curse to himself and Society. It hampers personal growth and social values. One of the most significant advantages of vocational education is the ability to pursue a career of one’s choice.
The vast majority of individuals are in the wrong occupations because they are in it for a job, money, a lack of alternatives, or a professional compromise. Someone who pursues Vocational Education is already pursuing his dream job.
5. To ease the Complex Nature of Society.
We require Scientists, engineers, technicians, technologists to organize our industrial and commercial establishments etc. new occupations are continuously coming to the forefront with different needs of Society.
The economic structure is expanding, and moving to a level multiple sources of income are preferred to fulfil the requirements. Knowledge of vocational skills will provide a platform to enhance the ability to earn more. Various outsourcing jobs are there to ease the business process and the people managing it.
6. The Utilization of Human Potentialities.
Identifying genius and proper development of that genius aids in the use and growth of human resources. Society loses a lot when it fails to recognize potential talent.
Identifying genius and proper development of that genius aids in the use and growth of human resources. Society loses a lot when it fails to recognize potential talent. vocational education is a guide in the step of human.
7. The Financial Loss of an Individual & Employees.
The quality and quantity of an individual of work suffer when an individual is not suitable enough for that job. The time invested in selecting and appointment the earlier work is also wasted.
For instance, we notice that many of our youth obtain B.Ed degrees and join clerical jobs. This wastes both time and money of the individuals, society and the Nation. Vocational guidance decreases such unfavorable placements.
8. Build a Path for a Sustainable Economy.
Nowadays, getting a job is a challenge. However, finding skilled staff is becoming a challenge. Vocational education fills the gap between the employment sector and qualified people. As a result, it functions in both directions.
This helps in promoting long-term growth and economic stability. Career development is critical for social mobility and inclusion and sustainable development.
9. Vocational Programs are in Demand.
The Digital Vocational Program (DVOC) connects skilled workers to jobs seekers who can prepare for currently in-demand careers, or those you believe will best suit you. Such programs will provide a sharp edge in this competitive world, giving you a front seat in terms of skills.
Learning those skills provides an opportunity to lead whenever required. Vocational training increases your chances of landing jobs and quicker promotions.
10. Provide an Equal Basis for Learners.
School drop-outs and adults can also receive this type of education as it provides an opportunity to learn a skill or trade irrespective of academic background. Many people who have a desire to learn certain skills but couldn’t continue can learn whenever is possible for them.
There are many well-paid career fields where a college degree is not required. This is a suitable place for people who wants to learn and enhance any skill.
11. Global Access to Opportunities for Work.
The majority of vocational skills are transferable to other nations, opening up job chances worldwide.
Several skills, especially technical knowledge like IT & technology, can provide ample opportunities to work around the world with a handsome pay scale. Technological advancements have given priority to skill-based talents to lead in the 21st century.
With international organizations such as UNESCO recognizing job creation as a global need, it is estimated that at least 475 million new jobs will be needed over the next decade to absorb the 73 million currently unemployed youth population, as well as the influx of 40 million new entrants into the labor market each year.
If vocational programmers are directly related to market needs, they provide a solution.
12. It Prepares Us for The Future World.
However, the labor market became more specialized as the world’s economies started developing at a greater pace. In both the public and private sectors, the Demand for greater competition has begun to rise.
This resulted in expanding vocational education through government-aided training institutions and subsidized business traineeship programmes.
A local community college or an institute of technology usually provides vocational education at the post-secondary level. In the twentieth century, vocational education has also evolved.
Vocational Professionals are in high Demand in various industries, including retail, tourism, information technology, funeral services, cosmetics, and traditional crafts and cottage industries.
13. Flexible Work Schedules are Another Attraction.
Technical and vocational training programmers are usually geared to assist unconventional students who want to attend school while juggling other obligations.
This benefit is excellent for those attempting to build new career knowledge while working full-time due to options such as evening, weekend, and online study. It is made receiver friendly to accommodate the needs of students.
Ideally, the usual effect of vocational education on outcomes can be recognized if the people were randomly allocated to vocational or academic education. It is debatable whether vocational education contributes to adult mastery of basic skills more than academic education.
This is an important question because a good command of basic skills is required for leading an active and independent life, updating and expanding advanced skills and competencies, and remaining competitive in the labor market, as well as accessing administrative, financial, and health services and taking advantage of the wide range of benefits offered by new technologies.
In the last decade, there has been a growth in the Demand for vocational training. Vocational training is a collection of structured programmers that help you gain the skills you’ll need for a specific vocation. It can help you build new talents and increase your chances of landing a job. And it’s always a good idea to expand one’s knowledge.